Roles of cytochromes P450 in plant reproductive development
Published: 25 August 2020
Ayelén M. Distéfano, Nicolás Setzes, Milagros Cascallares, Diego F. Fiol, Eduardo Zabaleta and Gabriela C. Pagnussat*
Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, CONICET, Mar del Plata, Argentina
The cytochrome P450 superfamily is a large enzymatic protein family that is widely distributed along diverse kingdoms. In plants, cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) participate in a vast array of pathways leading to the synthesis and modification of multiple metabolites with variable and important functions during different stages of plant development. This includes the biosynthesis and degradation of a great assortment of compounds implicated in a variety of physiological responses, such as signaling and defense, organ patterning and the biosynthesis of structural polymers, among others. In this review, we summarize the characteristics of the different families of plant CYPs, focusing on the most recent advances in elucidating the roles of CYPs in plant growth and development and more specifically, during plant gametogenesis, fertilization and embryogenesis.