College of Life Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan, People’s Republic of China
Sox3 is a single-exon gene located on the X chromosome in most vertebrates. It belongs to the SoxB1 subfamily, which is part of the larger Sox family. Previous studies have revealed that Sox3 is expressed in many fish species. However, how Sox3 influences the development of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus remains unknown. In this study, a Sox3 homologue, termed MaSox3, was cloned from the brain of M. anguillicaudatus using homology-based cloning and the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. Sequence analysis reveals that MaSox3 encodes a hydrophilic protein, which contains a characteristic HMG-box DNA-binding domain of 79 amino acids, and shares high homology with Sox3 in other species. Additionally, quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR and in situ hybridization showed that MaSox3 is consistently expressed during embryogenesis, with peak expression during the neurula stage and broad expression in the central nervous system. Moreover, tissue distribution analyses have revealed that MaSox3 is abundant in the adult brain, the particle cell layer, and the gonad. Additionally, its expression is observed in primary spermatocyte cells, primary oocytes and previtellogenic oocyte cells. Taken together, all of these results suggest that the expression of the MaSox3 gene is highly conserved during vertebrate evolution and involved in a wide range of developmental processes including embryogenesis, neurogenesis and gonad development.
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus, Sox3, embryogenesis, neurogenesis, gonad development