Mpl receptor defect leads to earlier appearance of hematopoietic cells/hematopoietic stem cells in the Aorta-Gonad-Mesonephros region, with increased apoptosis
Published: 17 July 2010
Maud Fleury1,2, Laurence Petit-Cocault1,2, Denis Clay2,3 and Michèle Souyri*,1,2
1Inserm U602, 2Université Paris-Sud, Institut André Lwoff and 3Institut André Lwoff (IFR89), Villejuif, France
In a previous study, we underlined the functional role of the TPO receptor, Mpl, in the establishment of definitive mouse hematopoiesis, by demonstrating that the lack of Mpl led to a delayed production of definitive hematopoietic cells in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, and resulted in the production of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with an impaired activity at E11.5. In order to more accurately estimate the role of Mpl during generation of HSCs in the aorta,we performed an analysis of these AGMs at the time of the first HSC emergence (E10.5). Our results indicated that while Mpl-/- AGMs were found to contain more hematopoietic cells (HC) than C57Bl6 AGMs at E10.5, a defect in the expansion process of the HC/HSCs was detected in explant cultures of these AGMs, likely due to an increased apoptosis of these cells. To determine the molecular mechanisms by which invalidation of Mpl receptor affects the temporal distribution and expansion of HC/HSCs in the AGM, a study of the transcription level of of Mpl target genes was conducted. Expression of Runx1, a master transcription factor for the formation of hematopoietic progenitor (HP) cells and HSCs from the vasculature, as well as expression of Meis1 and HoxB4, known to play a role in self-renewal and expansion of HSCs, were found to be down regulated in E10.5 Mpl-/- AGMs. Our data indicate that Mpl is an active player during the first steps of definitive hematopoiesis establishment through direct regulation of the expression of transcription factors or genes important for the self-renewal, proliferation and apoptosis of HSCs.