Eye-specific expression of an ancestral jellyfish PaxB gene interferes with Pax6 function despite its conserved Pax6/Pax2 characteristics
Original Article | Published: 27 February 2009
Jana Ruzickova1, Joram Piatigorsky2 and Zbynek Kozmik*,1
1Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic and 2National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Pax transcription factors are evolutionarily conserved regulators of eye development and can be distinguished on the basis of three functional domains: two DNA-binding domains (the paired domain and the paired-type homeodomain), and the octapeptide motif. PaxB of the eyed cubozoan jellyfish, Tripedalia cystophora, is characterized by a Pax2-like paired domain and octapeptide, and a Pax6-like homeodomain. In mice, functionally distinct Pax6 and Pax2 proteins have unique as well as redundant roles in eye morphogenesis. Here, we show that expression of the jellyfish PaxB gene in mouse embryonic eye tissues impairs normal development of lens and retina. Our data show that PaxB misexpression leads to a downregulation of endogenous Pax6 protein in the prospective lens and in subsets of cells within the inner nuclear layer of transgenic retina. In addition to Pax6 downregulation, the expression of PaxB leads to an almost complete loss of amacrine cells in the adult transgenic retina, a phenotype that differs from a loss-of-function of the Pax6 gene. The present data suggest that PaxB, due to its Pax2-like paired domain and Pax-6 like homeodomain, disturbs the transcriptional network regulated by Pax6 in the developing lens and retina. Taken together, our data suggest that molecular properties of individual mouse Pax2 and Pax6 proteins are essential determinants of mouse eye development and cannot be substituted for by jellyfish PaxB which possesses elements of vertebrate Pax2 and Pax6.