Neural cells and their progenitors in regenerating zebrafish spinal cord
Published: 23 June 2020
Subhra Prakash Hui1, Tapas Chandra Nag2 and Sukla Ghosh*,1
1Department of Biophysics, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India and 2Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
The zebrafish (Danio rerio), among all amniotes is emerging as a powerful model to study vertebrate organogenesis and regeneration. In contrast to mammals, the adult zebrafish is capable of regenerating damaged axonal tracts; it can replace neurons and glia lost after spinal cord injury (SCI) and functionally recover. In the present paper, we report ultrastructural and cell biological analyses of regeneration processes after SCI. We have focused on event specific analyses of spinal cord regeneration involving different neuronal and glial cell progenitors, such as radial glia, oligodendrocyte progenitors (OPC), and Schwann cells. While comparing the different events, we frequently refer to previous ultrastructural analyses of central nervous system (CNS) injury in higher vertebrates. Our data show (a) the cellular events following injury, such as cell death and proliferation; (b) demyelination and remyelination followed by target innervation and regeneration of synaptic junctions and c) the existence of different progenitors and their roles during regeneration. The present ultrastructural analysis corroborates the cellular basis of regeneration in the zebrafish spinal cord and confirms the presence of both neuronal and different glial progenitors.