The International Journal of Developmental Biology

Int. J. Dev. Biol. 40: 491 - 497 (1996)

Vol 40, Issue 2

An identical effect mediated by thyroid deficiency or oncogene v-erbA in the chick embryo

Published: 30 November -0001

N Bachnou, S Saule and F Dieterlen-Lievre

Institut d'Embryologie Cellulaire et Mol├ęculaire du CNRS et du College de France, Lille, France.

Abstract

We have shown earlier that the association of v-myc and v-erbA (MAHEVA construct) is responsible for the appearance of a specific phenotype in chick embryos inoculated at E3. This phenotype comprises rapidly growing heart rhabdomyomas (induced by v-myc alone) and within these tumors secondarily appearing cartilage nodules (Bachnou et al., Oncogene 6: 1041-1047, 1991). Here we report that v-erbA can be replaced by thyroid deficiency. When decapitated embryos were inoculated with virus MC29 (v-myc alone) or when v-myc inoculated embryos were treated with thiourea, 100% of the embryos reaching E17 to E19 displayed tumoral hearts bearing cartilage nodules. We thus report in vivo evidence that v-erbA acts by antagonizing the effects of thyroid hormones. Remarkably, thyroid deficiency rendered embryos more sensitive to the effect of v-myc, since 100% developed heart rhabdomyomas and cartilage nodules, versus about 70% affected when either v-myc or MAHEVA were inoculated. Thyroid deficiency did not alter the species-specific character of transdifferentiation, since only chick but not quail embryos developed cartilage nodules after thyroidectomy or MAHEVA infection.

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