The International Journal of Developmental Biology

Int. J. Dev. Biol. 40: 463 - 470 (1996)

Vol 40, Issue 2

Expression of Hoxb-1 during gastrulation and segmentation stages of carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Published: 30 November -0001

C J Stevens, J Samallo, H Schipper, H W Stroband and G te Kronnie

Department of Experimental Animal Morphology and Cell Biology, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.


This report describes the cDNA sequence and embryonic RNA expression pattern of carp Hoxb-1. Carp Hoxb-1 is a labial-like, homeobox-containing gene of the 3' end of the Hox gene cluster. The expression pattern in carp is compared to that of homologs in other vertebrates. As holds for other Hox genes, carp Hoxb-1 is expressed with highest intensity at a sharp anterior boundary, and expression fades out towards posterior. At later stages, gaps were found in the domain. The gene is expressed from late gastrulation onwards, first mainly in the hypoblast but later in all germ layers. Its most prominent expression area is rhombomere 4 (r4) of the hindbrain. Transcripts were also found in the neural tube, mesoderm (lateral, head and presomite), epidermis and neural crest. At 30 hours post fertilization, Hoxb-1 was still expressed in r4, in the anterior trunk neural tube and in the branchial arches posterior to r4. Hox genes are thought to be involved in the specification of positional values along the embryonic anterior-posterior axis, and Hoxb-1 expression in r4 is supposed to be important for specifying the unique identity of this hindbrain segment. The conserved expression in r4 suggests that this is also true for carp Hoxb-1.

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