A J Smith, N Cassidy, H Perry, C Bègue-Kirn, J V Ruch and H Lesot
School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Reactionary dentinogenesis is the secretion of a tertiary dentine matrix by surviving odontoblast cells in response to an appropriate stimulus. Whilst this stimulus may be exogenous in nature, it may also be from endogenous tissue components released from the matrix during pathological processes. Implantation of isolated dentine extracellular matrix components in unexposed cavities of ferret teeth led to stimulation of underlying odontoblasts and a response of reactionary dentinogenesis. Affinity chromatography of the active components prior to implantation and assay for growth factors indicated that this material contained significant amounts of TGF-beta 1, a growth factor previously shown to influence odontoblast differentiation and secretory behavior. Reactionary dentinogenesis during dental caries probably results from solubilization of growth factors, TGF-beta in particular, from the dentine matrix which then are responsible for initiating the stimulatory effect on the odontoblasts. Compositional differences in tertiary dentine matrices beneath carious lesions in human teeth have also been shown indicating modulation of odontoblast secretion during reactionary and reparative dentinogenesis.