The neural inductive signal is transferred to ectoblast in 1-2 h but a continued contact with mesoblast for 2-3 h is essential for neuralization in the chick area pellucida
Published: 1 September 2001
D Joshi-Banka, S Deshmukh and S P Modak
Department of Zoology, University of Pune, India.
In the area pellucida of the chick gastrula, the Hensen's node (HN) graft must contact the competent ectoblast for at least 4 h to promote neural induction. When we removed the grafted HN after 1 to 3 h and replaced it by a non-inducing post nodal (PN) fragment, a 1-2 h contact with HN was found to be sufficient to promote neural induction. When HN graft was removed after 3 or 4 h and replaced by PN, the neural inductive response was substantially improved towards formation of archencephalic structures. Thus, our results indicate that neural induction takes place in two steps. In the first step, a contact with HN for 1-2 h is sufficient to transferthe inductive signal which is stabilized through a second step involving continued cell-cell contact with even non-inducing PN mesoblast.