The International Journal of Developmental Biology

Int. J. Dev. Biol. 52: 141 - 146 (2008)

Vol 52, Issue 2-3

Special Issue: Developmental Biology in Poland

History and status of embryology and developmental biology at Polish Medical Faculties and Schools

Published: 30 November -0001

Hieronim Bartel*

Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland


In Poland, medical embryology (both scientific research and teaching of the subject) has traditionally involved Chairs of Histology and Embryology rather than Obstetrics and Gynecology. Before World War II, the most buoyant centers for embryological research among the five universities at the time (in Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Lvov and Vilnius), were the Chairs of Embryology and Histology at Medical Faculties of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow and the University of Vilnius. After World War II, eleven Medical Academies (Universities of Medicine) came into being (Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Lodz, Gdansk, Bialystok, Bydgoszcz, Szczecin, Wroclaw, Katowice and Lublin). They conduct scientific research on normal development of the human embryo as well as teratology studies. In the XX century, eminent medicine-related embryologist included professors Emil Godlewski Jr., Stanislaw Hiller and Stefan Baginski.


history, embryology, medicine, Poland

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