Rostrocaudal polarity formation of chick optic tectum
Published: 1 June 1994
H Nakamura, N Itasaki and T Matsuno
Department of Biology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan.
The optic tectum receives retinal fibers in a topographically ordered manner. For the formation of the precise connections, the tectum is believed to be positionally specified by gradients of molecules along axes. Rostrocaudal polarity of the tectum is first detectable at embryonic day 2 (E2) in the chick, by the caudorostral gradient of en expression, then by the rostrocaudal gradient of cytoarchitectonic development. Tectum rotation experiments showed that tectum rostrocaudal polarity is not determined at around 10-somite stage, but is fixed on E3. Ectopic tectum was produced in the diencephalon by transplanting the mesencephalic alar plate heterotopically. In the ectopic tectum, en expression was weakest at the caudal (nearest to the host diencephalo-mesencephalon junction) and strongest at the rostral end. Consequently, the pattern of en expression in the host and ectopic tecta was nearly a mirror image. Retinal fibers projected to the ectopic tectum in a topographic order in accordance with the inverted gradient of the en expression pattern. Ectopic tecta was also produced by heterochronal transplantations between E3 host and E2 donor, where the en pattern was preserved. Retinotectal projection pattern was also preserved, suggesting that en expression patterns are followed by retinotopic order with regard to rostrocaudal polarity.